In terms of its geographical condition, North Lombok Regency is divided into: Mountain Areas, namely a mountain range that stretches from Bayan District to Pemenang District. This mountain range is a source of river water that flows into land areas and empties along the coast. The location of North Lombok Regency is very strategic, which is located in a tourism destination, while the sea transportation route with the Lombok Strait is an increasingly busy sea transportation route, from the middle east for fuel oil traffic and from Australia in the form of metal minerals to the Asia Pacific. In the area of North Lombok Regency, there are also small islands which are quite famous for their natural marine tourism and beaches, namely, Gili Air, Gili Meno, and Gili Trawangan. Based on data from the Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMG), North Lombok Regency is classified as a tropical area with temperatures ranging from 23.1 degrees Celsius with the highest temperature occurring in July-August 32.9 degrees Celsius and the lowest in April, namely 20.9. degrees Celsius.
The Human Development Index (HDI) of North Lombok Regency in 2019 is in 10th position out of 10 districts / cities in NTB Province, with a Score Index of 64.49. As a new district, the KLU government is working hard to increase the HDI so that it can compete with other regions. With its limitations, KLU has won the National Rank 2 title as the Best New Autonomous Region in Indonesia.
The area of North Lombok Regency is divided into 5 districts, namely:
North Lombok Regency is one of 10 (ten) Regencies / Cities in West Nusa Tenggara Province, whose position is located in the northern part of Lombok Island with a position between 08o 21 '42 "South Latitude and 116o 09' 54" East Longitude, with boundaries areas as follows:
· North: Java Sea
· West side: Lombok Strait and West Lombok Regency
· South side: West Lombok Regency and Central Lombok Regency
· East side: East Lombok Regency
North Lombok Regency has a capital in Tanjung which is also the center of Government. North Lombok Regency has a land area of 809.53 Km2 consisting of special areas (protected forests, wildlife areas, etc.) covering an area of 361.86 Km2 (44.30%) and the remaining flat land for agricultural land, etc. covering 447.67 Km2 55.30 %).
Administratively, North Kombok Regency is divided into 5 (five) Districts, 33 Villages and 371 Hamlets, of which Bayan District has the largest area with a land area of 329.10 m2 (40.66%) and the smallest is Pemenang District with a land area of 81 , 09 Km2 (10.01%).
The population of an area is influenced by factors of birth, death and migration / migration. The population of North Lombok Regency continues to increase until in 2018 the population of North Lombok Regency is 218,533 people consisting of 107,729 men and 110,804 women. Changes in population structure and composition can be seen from the comparison of the population pyramid where the population of North Lombok Regency is dominated by young people. In general, the female population is more than the male population. This can be seen by the number / value of the sex ratio where in 2018, the sex ratio was 97.22. The distribution of the population according to the sub-district, most of them are domiciled in Bayan District with a population percentage of 22.58 percent, while the least population is in the Pemenang District which only contributes 16.88 percent of the total population of North Lombok. Population density can be calculated based on the number of inhabitants for each square kilometer. The most densely populated district is in Pemenang, which is 454.99 people per km2, and the least population is in Bayan District, which is 149.94 people per km2.
Manpower is one of the most determining factors in the development process in an area. The greater the number of workers, the more so if accompanied by sufficient expertise, the more rapid the development of development in the region will be. The TPAK in 2017 was 69.67. If classified based on gender, the number of female LFP is much smaller than that of males, namely 58.69 women and 81.17 men. The education level of the population reflects the success of a nation's development. Higher education will have a positive influence on the future of the nation. Education has an important role in human life, therefore, the government and society always pay great attention to the development of education. In general, school building infrastructure in North Lombok Regency is available in every sub-district, from elementary to high school. In addition to the availability of educational facilities in the form of school buildings, the success of educational development is also determined by the availability of teaching staff or teachers. Further analysis, of course, does not only look at the availability of teachers but also the quality and level of ability to transfer knowledge to students.
Based on data from the North Lombok Regency Education Office in the 2017/2018 school year, there are 187 SD / equivalent, 85 SMP / equivalent, and 46 SMA / equivalent. Development in the health sector aims to ensure that all levels of society obtain health services easily, cheaply and evenly. By improving this service, it is hoped that it will
improve public health status. Efforts to improve public health status have been carried out by the government, among others, by providing various health facilities such as hospitals and puskesmas, medical personnel, etc. In 2018 there were 1 hospital and 8 health centers. One of the government's efforts to reduce the birth rate is the family planning program. Since 1970 the family planning program has been promoted, it is hoped that all couples of childbearing age can use one of the contraceptives / methods that have been programmed. In 2018 the number of active family planning participants in North Lombok Regency was 34,171 people.
Food crops, especially rice / rice, are very strategic commodities because they are the staple foodstuffs of the Indonesian people. So that improving the performance of food crop agriculture is one of the mainstays of maintaining, maintaining and increasing food security in Indonesia. The land area in North Lombok Regency is still dominated by non-rice fields covering an area of 56,175 hectares. Most of the paddy fields are already irrigated. With a total of 8,172 hectares, while the non-irrigated rice fields are 1,482 hectares. When viewed from the harvested area, corn and cassava still dominated secondary crops during 2018. The harvested area for maize during 2018 was recorded at 7,260.3 hectares, then the second largest was peanuts with a harvest area of 2,016.4 hectares. The harvest area for these two commodities is much wider than the harvest area for other crops.
North Lombok Regency has a beautiful natural charm. This supports the growth of businesses in the tourism sector. Nature tourism which is the prima donna is beach tourism which is centered on the Three Gilis in Pemenang District. Besides that, cultural tourism is also a choice of tourists. One of the barometers of tourism development in North Lombok Regency is the number of hotels and restaurants. The number of hotels in 2018 was 610 with a room capacity of 5,528 bedrooms. The number of tourists staying at hotels in North Lombok in 2018 reached 599,540 tourists. Tourists visiting the District
In Regional Budget and Expenditure Planning, the Government adheres to the principle of a balanced and dynamic budget. The realization of North Lombok Regency financial revenue until December 31, 2018 amounted to IDR 906.160 billion. The realization of North Lombok Regency financial expenditure in 2018 amounted to 893,326 billion rupiah
The average per capita monthly expenditure in 2018 for the population of North Lombok Regency for food is 533,150.06 rupiah and for non-food is 332,717.78 rupiah. In 2018 the percentage of food expenditure to all expenditures in North Lombok Regency was 61.57 percent. For non-food goods group commodities in North Lombok Regency, the biggest contributors are housing and various goods and services
Basically, development carried out in all fields is to form a strong economic foundation and structure. The success of development, particularly in the economic sector, is reflected in the rate of economic growth. Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) is an economic indicator that reflects the economic productivity of a region. The economic structure of a region reflects the strength and dependence of a region on a sector. The economic structure of North Lombok Regency is still dominated by the agricultural sector which has a role of 35.03 percent. The industrial sector is expected to replace the agricultural sector towards the industrialization process. The role of the industrial sector has only reached about 1.30 percent of the economy of North Lombok Regency.