The struggle for the formation of Dompu Regency took place over a long period of time, starting from the government system of the kingdom / sultanate, self-government, to level ii autonomous regions. Currently, Dompu Regency, which has the motto of nggahi rawi pahu, is led by the Regent, Drs. H. Bambang M. Yasin and Deputy Regent Arifuddin, SH.
Dompu Regency, was previously a self-governing area level II of the small Sundanese province. After the recognition of the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia and experiencing several changes in the constitutional system after the proclamation of the independence of the Republic of Indonesia, then the autonomous region level II Dompu was formed. Then, officially received the status as a self-governing area since 12 September 1947 and subsequently appointed the last Dompu sultan, namely Sultan Muhammad Tajul Arifin Siradjuddin as head of the Dompu autonomous region. In 1958 the autonomous region of Dompu changed its status to the second level of Dompu with the Regent of the regional head, Sultan Dompu, Muhammad Tajul Arifin Siradjuddin (1958 - 1960).
Furthermore, from 1960 to 1966, Dompu changed its status to the IIDompu Level Region with the Regent h.abdurrahman mahmud. In 1967 (in less than one year) the position of Regent, head of the IIDompu Level Region was held by the acting (pjs) namely i gusti ngurah.
From 1967 to 1979, for two periods, Dompu Regency was led by an army officer, namely Lieutenant Colonel. Tni. H. Suwarno atmojo. Furthermore, from 1979 to 1984, the IIDompu Level Regional District was again led by an army officer, namely Lieutenant Colonel. Tni. H. Heru Sugiyo.
Since 1984, the IIDompu Level District has been led again by the best son of the region, namely Drs. H. Moh.yakub, mt (1984-1989). From 1989 to 1994, Drs. H. Umar Yusuf led the IIDompu Level Regional District, then from 1994 to 1999, the leadership in the earth nggahi rawi pahu Dompu was continued by Drs. H. Hidayat ali.
In 1999, like other regions in the territory of the unitary republic of Indonesia, along with the reform era, the Dompu Level II District changed its status to an autonomous region until now. Since being left by Drs. H. Hidayat Ali as the Regent of the IIDompu Level Region, the position of Regent of Dompu at that time was vacant and filled by a temporary official for one year, namely Drs. H. Then djafar Suryadi (1999-2000). The acting Regent of the District has important tasks, one of which is to deliver the Dompu community to re-elect the definitive Regent through the election of people's representatives who sit in the DPRD Regency Legislative Council. IIDompu Level Region at that time.
In February 2000, the results of the election for the head of the Dompu Level II Region through the legislative body, finally appointed H. Abubakar Ahmad, SH as the Regent of Dompu Regency for the period 2000 to 2005. Time continues as the development of community life in the Dompu fund, 23 March In 2005, H. Abubakar Ahmad, SH's position as Regent of Dompu Regency ended. Furthermore, while waiting for the direct election of the Regent and Deputy Regent of Dompu, the position of Regent of Dompu was temporarily held by the head of the NTB provincial livestock service, drh. H. Abdul Mutholib. In less than 6 months, H. Abdul Mutholib controlled the wheels of government in Dompu Regency and at the same time led the Dompu people to carry out direct regional head elections (pilkada) for the first time.
August 9, 2005, H. Abubakar Ahmad, SH returned to lead Dompu Regency for the second period in partnership with H. Syaifurrahman Salman, SE. H. Abubakar Ahmad, SH and H. Syaifurrahman Salman, were the first Regent and Deputy Regent of Dompu directly elected by the people of Bumi Nggahi Rawi Pahu. Time is running out, sheet after sheet of history continues to make incisions along the journey of life of the people of Dompu Regency. In July 2007, Dompu Regent H. Abubakar Ahmad, SH resigned his position as Regent of Dompu, then on July 31 2007, Deputy Regent of Dompu H. Syaifurrahman Salman, SE was inaugurated as Regent of Dompu replacing H. Abubakar Ahmad, SH, until the His end of office was in August 2010. In facing the second direct post-conflict local election, Dompu Regency was led by H. Nasibun as the acting caretaker on August 9, 2010 until the taking of the oath of office, Drs. H. Bambang M. Yasin and Ir. H. Syamsuddin.MM, as Regent of Dompu and deputy Regent of Dompu for the period 2010 - 2015 on 18 October 2010.
Simultaneous regional head elections on Wednesday, December 9 2015 Candidate Pair of Regent and Deputy Regent H. Bambang M. Yasin and Arifuddin SH won the most votes, and on February 17, 2016 was officially inaugurated by the Governor of NTB Province as Regent and Deputy Regent of Dompu for the 2016-2021 Period.
During the reign of the Regent of Dompu, Drs. H. Umar yusuf, discussions regarding the determination of Dompu's anniversary began to be rolled out. During the reign of Dompu Regent H. Abubakar Ahmad, SH (first period), the investigation of Dompu's anniversary was again discussed by the team and DPRD of Dompu Regency. After going through a long struggle and assistance from one of the national history experts, the birth of Dompu, Prof. Dr. Helyus Syamsuddin, Phd, professor of history at IKIP Bandung, finally Dompu's anniversary can be agreed upon and determined through a Dompu Regency DPRD decision which is then outlined in Dompu Regency regional regulation (perda) number: 18 dated 19 June 2004 stipulating Dompu's anniversary to fall on Tuesday, April 11, 1815 or to coincide with the Islamic year 1 Jumadil early in 1230.
The determination of Dompu's anniversary which falls on April 11, 1815, is motivated by natural phenomena, namely the eruption of the highest mountain on the island of Sumbawa, namely Mount Tambora in 1815. History records, when Mount Tambora erupted violently on April 11, 1815, 3 (three ) The kingdom around Mount Tambora, namely the concentrated kingdom, studio and Tambora was destroyed due to the eruption of Mount Tambora. After many years passed, the former concentrated kingdom and Tambora finally merged with the Dompu Sultanate, while the Sanggar kingdom joined the Bima Sultanate. Since the enactment of 11 April as Dompu's anniversary, then every 11 April, the government and all people of the earth nggahi Rawi Pahu carry out a ceremony to commemorate Dompu's anniversary.
DOMPU Regency - is a district in West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. The capital is Dompu. This regency is in the middle of Sumbawa Island. It has an area of 2,321.55 km² and a population of around 200,000. Dompu Regency is bordered by Sumbawa Regency and Saleh Bay in the west, Bima Regency in the north and east, and the Indian Ocean in the south. Dompu is well-known for producing wild horse milk and honey. The culture of the people of Dompu is very close to Kabupaten Bima, although there are slight differences in accent and language.
Administration and Geography
Dompu Regency is one of the regencies in West Nusa Tenggara Province which is located in the central part of Sumbawa Island. Geographically, Dompu Regency is located at 08 degrees 10.00 to 08 degrees, 40 00 to 118 degrees, 30 east longitude.
Dompu Regency, which has its capital in Dompu, consists of 8 Districts namely Dompu, Woja, Hu'u, Kempo, Kilo, Pekat, Pajo and Manggelewa Districts with 57 villages / wards, 9 sub-districts, 44 definitive villages, 4 Preparatory Villages.
Furthermore, the administrative boundaries are as follows:
North: Flores Sea and Bima District
East side: Bima Regency
South side: Ocean Indonesia
West side: Sumbawa Regency
In general, the geographical condition of Dompu Regency can be illustrated that some areas are wavy to hilly areas with a land slope of 15-40% and above 40% of 49.97% of the total area, 18.48 5 flat areas and 31.55 sloping areas. % of the area.
Dompu Regency has an area of 232,460 hectares, with a population of 193,334 people or 43,616 families. of this area 120,728 ha (51.93% are cultivated areas (outside forest areas). Furthermore, to obtain the physical condition of the Dompu Regency area, it can be described as follows:
a. The state of land slope and altitude
Land slope (Slope)
As explained above, some of the Dompu Regency area consists of areas that are wavy to hilly and some are flat to sloping areas. According to existing data after being clarified, it can be seen that:
Slopes 0 - 25% (flat) covering an area of 42,950 ha or 18.48%.
Slopes 2-15% (gentle) with an area of 73,349 ha or 31.55%.
Slopes 15 -40% (wavy to hilly) covering an area of 87.911 ha or 37.82%.
Slopes above 40% (steep) covering an area of 28,250 ha or 12.15% respectively of the area.
The height of the place above sea level is a factor that needs to be considered in assessing the physical condition of an area / area, especially those related to the provision of land resources. Based on the calculation of the altitude map of Dompu Regency with a scale of 1: 100,000, the following altitude data are obtained:
Altitude 0-100 m above sea level covering an area of 7,705 ha (31.28%).
Altitude 100 - 500 m above sea level covering an area of 107.815 ha (46.38%).
Altitude 500 - 1,000 m above sea level covering an area of 34,150 ha (14, 69%).
Altitude above 1,000 m asl is 17,790 ha (7.65%). From the data above, it can be seen that the largest area of Dompu Regency is at an altitude of 100-500 m above sea level, spreading in each District.
Dompu Regency is an area with a tropical climate with an average rainy season from October to April every year, has climate types D, E and F (according to Ferguson and Smith). In the dry season the temperature is relatively low (20 degrees celsius - 30 degrees celsius) during the day and below 20 degrees celsius at night. Sourced from rainfall data from the Dompu Regency Food Crops Agriculture Office during 1984 to 1992, it can be seen that the annual average rainfall was 1,038.73 mm, with the number of rainy days as many as 77 days.
Water as the main source of livelihood for living things, including humans, is sufficiently available in Dompu Regency. The water supply is sufficient, for daily living needs and for irrigation needs for agricultural areas.
In Dompu district there are 19 large rivers with varying discharge. In the rainy season, floods often occur which sometimes damage agricultural crops or residential areas. Furthermore, besides the 19 large rivers, there are still several small rivers and water springs that run throughout the year, as a source of livelihood for the community.
Based on the Geological map of Sumbawa Island, the geological conditions in Dompu Regency are as follows:
Surface sediment, spreads throughout the district with an area of 11,602 ha or 5% of the total area. Surface deposits consist of gravel, sand and clay. Volcano Rock, consisting of young volcanoes, the results of old and older volcanoes. Scattered in the Pekat District, Kempo District and the eastern part of Dompu District. The total area is 113,557 ha or 48.85% of the area of Dompu Regency. Edapan rocks, Lempung tufan, are scattered in the concentrated sub-district with an area of 1,562.5 ha.
e. Type of soil
Soil type is used as the basis for land use, especially to determine suitable plant types according to soil type and also to determine physical characteristics, namely the density of erosion, so it is very important in determining the protection function.